Uttaranchal is one of the newly formed states of India. It became the 27th state of the country on 9th November 2000. It was bifurcated from Uttar Pradesh. This state shares its border with Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Nepal and Tibet. Dehradun is the capital city of Uttaranchal, which is also its largest city. The state is divided into 13 districts. Pithoragarh, Almora, Nainital, Uttarkashi, Chamoli, Dehradun, Pauri, and Haridwar are some of the important centers of the Uttranchal.
In the lap of Himalaya
Uttaranchal is nestled in the lap of the Himalayan Range. 93% of the state is covered with mountain and 64% of the total land comes under the forest. This topographical location of the state makes it one of the most beautiful places in the country. Often referred as “Dev Bhoomi” (The Land of the Gods), Uttaranchal has multitude of Hindu Pilgrimage spots. Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Bageshwar, Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. are some of the most famous pilgrimage centers located in Uttaranchal. The general climate of the state is cool, calm and idyllic. As the state is situated in the mountain region of Himalaya, it has many tourist destinations as well. These spots are frequently visited by the tourist from all over the world. Corbett National Park and Tiger Reserve and the nearby hill-stations of Nainital, Mussoorie, Almora, Kausani, Bhimtal and Ranikhet are some of the famous tourist spot in Uttaranchal.
Historical and Religious Context:
The region of Uttaranchal is believed to be settled by Kols, an aboriginal people of the austro-asiatic origin. From then to even today this region is serves as the sanctuary of the Sadhus and Rishis. It also believed that Rishi Veda Vyas scripted the Mahabharata here. The earliest rulers of this region were from Garhwal and Kumaon Dynasties in 2nd Century AD. In the medieval period it was consolidated by Garhwal Kingdom.
In the year 2003, the government of the state introduced industrial policy for the state with generous tax benefits for investors that have led to a massive upsurge of capital investment. Uttaranchal is fast growing into a developed state with the emergence of various industrial establishments in its southern periphery. Various hydro electricity projects have developed in the region directly contributing in the economy of the state.
Uttaranchal is accredited with some of the prestigious educational institutes of the country. It is origin of one of the most renowned and oldest engineering collages Indian Institute of Technology at Roorkee (formerly University of Roorkee). Some of the other educational centers are Indian Military Academy in Dehradun, ICFAI University in Dehradun , Forest Research Institute in Dehradun, Kumaun University in Nainital and Almora, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology in Pantnagar and so on. The state is also home of some of the reputed Schools as well such as Welham’ s Boys and Girls School, the Doon School (Dehradun), Woodstock School (Mussoorie) etc.